The Amazon region is Brazil's richest in biodiversity and natural resources, but among its poorest and least developed. It covers 60% of the country's territory and is home to 13% of its people but accounts for just 8% of GDP. The problem is that, ever since the rubber boom in the late 1800s, wealth and employment in the region have come from extraction: logging, mining, farming. The rate of deforestation in the Amazon has soared by over 40% since President Jair Bolsonaro took office in 2019.
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