Rankings

Business creativity and research Change

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Total expenditure on R&D: $bn

$bn 2017

  1. Rank
    1
    Country
    United States
    Result
    543.2
  2. Rank
    2
    Country
    China
    Result
    260.5
  3. Rank
    3
    Country
    Japan
    Result
    156.1
  4. Rank
    4
    Country
    Germany
    Result
    111.6
  5. Rank
    5
    Country
    South Korea
    Result
    69.7
  6. Rank
    6
    Country
    France
    Result
    56.5
  7. Rank
    7
    Country
    United Kingdom
    Result
    43.9
  8. Rank
    8
    Country
    Canada
    Result
    26.6 a
  9. Rank
    9
    Country
    Italy
    Result
    26.3
  10. Rank
    10
    Country
    Australia
    Result
    23.4 b
  11. Rank
    11
    Country
    Switzerland
    Result
    22.9 b
  12. Rank
    12
    Country
    Brazil
    Result
    22.7 c
  13. Rank
    13
    Country
    Taiwan
    Result
    18.9
  14. Rank
    14
    Country
    Sweden
    Result
    17.8
  15. Rank
    15
    Country
    Netherlands
    Result
    16.5
  16. Rank
    16
    Country
    Israel
    Result
    16.1
  17. Rank
    17
    Country
    Spain
    Result
    15.8
  18. Rank
    18
    Country
    Russia
    Result
    14.1 c
  19. Rank
    19
    Country
    India
    Result
    13.3 b
  20. Rank
    20
    Country
    Austria
    Result
    13.2
  21. Rank
    21
    Country
    Belgium
    Result
    12.8
  22. Rank
    22
    Country
    Denmark
    Result
    10.1
  23. Rank
    23
    Country
    Norway
    Result
    8.4
  24. Rank
    24
    Country
    Turkey
    Result
    8.2
  25. Rank
    25
    Country
    Finland
    Result
    7.0
  26. Rank
    26
    Country
    Singapore
    Result
    6.6
  27. Rank
    27
    Country
    Saudi Arabia
    Result
    6.1 d
  28. Rank
    28
    Country
    Poland
    Result
    5.4
  29. Rank
    29
    Country
    Mexico
    Result
    5.2 c
  30. Rank
    30
    Country
    Thailand
    Result
    4.6
  31. Rank
    31
    Country
    Malaysia
    Result
    4.3 c
  32. Rank
    32
    Country
    Czech Republic
    Result
    3.9
  33. Rank
    33
    Country
    Ireland
    Result
    3.5
  34. Rank
    34
    Country
    United Arab Emirates
    Result
    3.4 c
  35. Rank
    35
    Country
    Argentina
    Result
    3.0 c

Index key & notes

Notes

Source: IMD, World Competitiveness Yearbook

a 2018

b 2015

c 2016

d 2013