Rankings

Business creativity and research Change

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Total expenditure on R&D: % of GDP

% of GDP 2017

  1. Rank
    1
    Country
    South Korea
    Result
    4.55
  2. Rank
    2
    Country
    Israel
    Result
    4.54
  3. Rank
    3
    Country
    Switzerland
    Result
    3.37 a
  4. Rank
    4
    Country
    Sweden
    Result
    3.33
  5. Rank
    5
    Country
    Taiwan
    Result
    3.30
  6. Rank
    6
    Country
    Japan
    Result
    3.21
  7. Rank
    7
    Country
    Austria
    Result
    3.16
  8. Rank
    8
    Country
    Denmark
    Result
    3.06
  9. Rank
    9
    Country
    Germany
    Result
    3.02
  10. Rank
    10
    Country
    United States
    Result
    2.79
  11. Rank
    11
    Country
    Finland
    Result
    2.76
  12. Rank
    12
    Country
    Belgium
    Result
    2.60
  13. Rank
    13
    Country
    France
    Result
    2.19
  14. Rank
    14
    Country
    China
    Result
    2.13
  15. Rank
    Country
    Iceland
    Result
    2.13
  16. Rank
    16
    Country
    Norway
    Result
    2.11
  17. Rank
    17
    Country
    Netherlands
    Result
    2.00
  18. Rank
    18
    Country
    Singapore
    Result
    1.95
  19. Rank
    19
    Country
    Australia
    Result
    1.91 a
  20. Rank
    20
    Country
    Slovenia
    Result
    1.86
  21. Rank
    21
    Country
    Czech Republic
    Result
    1.79
  22. Rank
    22
    Country
    United Kingdom
    Result
    1.66
  23. Rank
    23
    Country
    Canada
    Result
    1.55 b
  24. Rank
    24
    Country
    Malaysia
    Result
    1.44
  25. Rank
    25
    Country
    Italy
    Result
    1.35
  26. Rank
    Country
    Hungary
    Result
    1.35
  27. Rank
    27
    Country
    Portugal
    Result
    1.32
  28. Rank
    28
    Country
    Estonia
    Result
    1.29
  29. Rank
    29
    Country
    New Zealand
    Result
    1.28 a
  30. Rank
    30
    Country
    Brazil
    Result
    1.26 c
  31. Rank
    Country
    Luxembourg
    Result
    1.26
  32. Rank
    32
    Country
    Spain
    Result
    1.20
  33. Rank
    33
    Country
    Greece
    Result
    1.13
  34. Rank
    34
    Country
    Russia
    Result
    1.10 c
  35. Rank
    35
    Country
    Ireland
    Result
    1.05

Index key & notes

Notes

Source: IMD, World Competitiveness Yearbook

a 2015

b 2018

c 2016